Fantom: Exploring the High-Speed Scalable Blockchain

Tor Pornchai
Tor Pornchai
Fantom: Exploring the High-Speed Scalable Blockchain


Fantom, or FTM, is an innovative high-performance blockchain project, centered around building a fast, scalable, and secure platform for decentralized applications (dApps) and digital assets. Launched in 2018, Fantom aspires to be the nervous system for smart cities and is designed to solve critical issues prevalent in other blockchain networks such as Ethereum, namely scalability, speed, and high transaction costs.


  • Fantom is a high-speed, scalable blockchain platform, employing the aBFT consensus mechanism.
  • It supports Ethereum-compatible dApps and smart contracts.
  • FTM, Fantom's native token, is used for staking, governance, and transaction fees.
  • Fantom has widespread partnerships across various sectors and potential use cases in DeFi, supply chain, and IoT.
  • The platform fosters a robust community through grants, educational resources, and open governance.

The Technological Backbone

Fantom leverages an open-source technology known as Lachesis protocol. It is a unique aBFT (asynchronous Byzantine Fault Tolerance) consensus mechanism that enables much faster transactions and greater scalability than traditional blockchains. With transaction confirmation times of 1-2 seconds and the capacity to handle hundreds of thousands of transactions per second (TPS), Fantom has an edge in performance over many existing blockchains.

Fantom's unique selling point lies in its innovative technology stack:

  • Lachesis Protocol: This is the aBFT consensus mechanism that Fantom uses. It enables Fantom to process transactions with an almost instant two-second finality, much faster than many other existing blockchains. It is also highly scalable and can handle a significant number of transactions per second.
  • Opera Chain: The Opera Chain is Fantom's mainnet where all transactions and smart contract executions occur. It allows developers to build and run dApps without the worry of congestion or high gas fees.
  • EVM Compatibility: Fantom's compatibility with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) simplifies the process for developers to migrate their Ethereum-based applications onto Fantom, fostering a developer-friendly environment.

The Lachesis Protocol

Fantom operates using a unique consensus algorithm known as the Lachesis Protocol, an aBFT (asynchronous Byzantine Fault Tolerance) consensus mechanism.

Here's a simplified explanation of how it works:

  1. Event Blocks: Nodes (validators) in the Fantom network create and propagate event blocks containing transactions and other smart contract operations. These event blocks are a bit like pages in a traditional ledger or blocks in a blockchain.
  2. Witnesses and Topological Ordering: Each validator node identifies key event blocks, known as witnesses, from which it has received information directly. Using the connections between these witnesses and other event blocks, the protocol constructs a DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph), which gives a topological ordering of the event blocks.
  3. Finality: The nodes determine the finality of transactions based on their topological ordering. Since this doesn't require block confirmation from other nodes, the process is asynchronous, making it faster and more scalable than traditional blockchains.
  4. Validator Nodes: To participate as a validator node, a certain number of FTM tokens must be staked. This helps to secure the network, as misbehavior by a validator can result in their staked tokens being slashed (lost).
  5. Security: The aBFT nature of the Lachesis protocol ensures that even if a minority of the network's nodes act maliciously or malfunction, the network can still achieve consensus and continue to operate securely.
  6. Smart Contracts and dApps: Fantom's Opera Chain is compatible with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which means developers can write smart contracts in Solidity (the same language used for Ethereum smart contracts) and deploy existing Ethereum dApps on the Fantom network. This compatibility, combined with Fantom's superior speed and scalability, makes it an attractive platform for building decentralized applications.

Tokenomics of $FTM

FTM is the native cryptocurrency token of the Fantom network, and it's fundamental to the operation and functionality of the ecosystem. The tokenomics, or the economic infrastructure of the FTM token, can be broken down into the following key areas:

  1. Utility and Functionality

FTM is not just a cryptocurrency but also a utility token that holds multiple functions within the Fantom network:

  • Security: FTM is used for securing the network via staking. Validators and delegators can stake FTM tokens to participate in the network's consensus mechanism, the Lachesis Protocol. They help maintain the network's security and are rewarded with FTM tokens for their services.
  • Governance: FTM token holders can participate in Fantom's on-chain governance. They have voting rights proportional to their token holdings, meaning they can contribute to decision-making processes and have a say in the future direction of the Fantom network.
  • Transaction Fees: All transactions and smart contract interactions on the Fantom network require the payment of fees. These fees, payable in FTM, help prevent spam and misuse of resources on the network.
  • Reward Distribution: Validators and delegators who participate in the network's consensus mechanism are rewarded with newly minted FTM tokens and transaction fees collected from the network.

2. Token Supply and Distribution

Fantom has a fixed maximum supply of 3.175 billion FTM tokens. This scarcity is a crucial aspect of its tokenomics, designed to preserve the token's value over time.

The FTM token distribution was carried out in the following manner:

  • 34% for Block Rewards
  • 26% for token sales (Public, Private 1, Private 2)
  • 20% for market development
  • 10% for advisors/contributors
  • 10% for the team and the founders.

The majority (~95%) of the tokens has been unleashed, and by the end of 2023 all of them will be circulating in the market.

3. Staking and Rewards

Fantom offers a staking mechanism that allows FTM token holders to earn rewards. By staking FTM tokens, holders can participate in securing the network and processing transactions, and in return, they receive staking rewards. The rewards are sourced from both network transaction fees and the inflationary mechanism, adding new tokens to the circulating supply.

The inflation rate decreases over time, making the rewards more scarce and valuable, incentivizing early participation in the network.

Potential Use Cases

Fantom's versatile platform and technology can be utilized in various industries, including:

  • DeFi (Decentralized Finance): Fantom's speed, scalability, and low transaction fees make it a favorable platform for DeFi applications, offering users efficient financial services without intermediaries.
  • Supply Chain: Fantom's transparency and traceability can revolutionize the supply chain industry, ensuring accurate tracking of goods and preventing counterfeit activities.
  • IoT (Internet of Things): Fantom aims to leverage blockchain technology for IoT, especially in the context of smart cities, where numerous devices need to communicate and transact efficiently.

Partnerships and Collaborations

Fantom has built partnerships across various sectors to facilitate its adoption:

  • Government Institutions: Fantom has secured partnerships with different government bodies worldwide, including Pakistan and Afghanistan, to develop blockchain-based solutions for public services.
  • DeFi Platforms: Fantom has also partnered with several DeFi platforms to enhance financial inclusivity and decentralization.
  • Tech Companies: Fantom has collaborated with leading tech companies to leverage its fast and scalable technology for diverse applications.


In the rapidly evolving world of blockchain technology, Fantom emerges as a remarkable player. It brings together the best elements of scalability, speed, security, and compatibility with established blockchain environments. Through its unique Lachesis protocol, Fantom offers solutions to many of the challenges that have held back widespread adoption of blockchain technology.

Fantom's potential use cases stretch beyond the realms of traditional finance and supply chain management, extending into the burgeoning field of IoT, where its high-speed, secure blockchain can truly shine. With strategic partnerships across various sectors and a community-centric approach, Fantom is well-positioned to foster blockchain adoption.

As we continue to observe the space, it's clear that projects like Fantom, offering innovative solutions and pushing the boundaries of what's possible with blockchain technology, are set to lead the way in this next phase of the digital revolution.

¡NB! This is NOT financial advice NOR sponsored article.